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Effects of cognitive load presence and duration on driver eye movements and event detection performance

Document Number:N2008-024
Document Type:Journal paper
Author(s):Michelle Reyes
John Lee
Publication / Venue Name:Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Publication Date:2008-11-01
Abstract:This study examined the effects of cognitive load on driving performance for interactions with an in-vehicle information system (IVIS) that varied in duration from 1 to 4 min. Twelve participants drove in a simulator while intermittently performing the IVIS task. There were three IVIS conditions: interacting with the IVIS, non-IVIS periods between IVIS interactions, and baseline driving without the IVIS task. Contrary to our hypothesis, driver response to lead vehicle braking was surprisingly uniform across IVIS conditions. IVIS interaction did undermine driver ability to detect the bicyclist along the side of the road, and some of these performance decrements persisted after the IVIS interaction had ended. Reaction time for bicyclist detection increased from the first to the subsequent minutes of the interaction. Eye movements were influenced by the IVIS conditions but not by task duration. Both ANOVA and factor analyses revealed that some of the changes in eye movements were concurrent with IVIS interaction while others persisted after the driver completed the IVIS interaction. Overall, the findings suggest that two mechanisms might account for the distraction-related performance decrements in this study: competition for processing resources and interference due to activation of competing goals.
Body:No files listed
Copyright:Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords:In-vehicle information systems
Driver distraction
Cognitive distraction
Reaction time

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